Cit:Charola.etal:2017

From Saltwiki
Author Charola, Elena; Rousset, Bénédicte; Bläuer, Christine
Year 2017
Title Deicing Salts: An Overview
Bibtex @inproceedings {Charola.etal:2017,

title = {Deicing Salts: An Overview}, booktitle = {Proceedings of SWBSS 2017. Fourth International Conference on Salt Weathering of Buildings and Stone Sculptures, University of Applied Sciences Potsdam, Germany, 20-22 September 2017}, year = {2017}, editor = {Laue, Steffen}, pages = {16-23}, month = {september}, organization = {Fachhochschule Potsdam}, publisher = {Verlag der Fachhochschule Potsdam}, note = {fulltext, conference paper}, key = {SWBSS2017}, doi = {10.5165/hawk-hhg/316}, author = {Charola, Elena; Rousset, Bénédicte; Bläuer, Christine} }

DOI 10.5165/hawk-hhg/316
Link File:SWBSS 2017 Proceedings 16-23 Charola Rousset Blaeuer.pdf
Notes in: Proceedings of SWBSS 2017 - Fourth International Conference on Salt Weathering of Buildings and Stone Sculptures. University of Applied Sciences, Potsdam, Germany, 20-22 September 2017



Bibliography

[Charola.etal:2017]Charola, Elena; Rousset, Bénédicte; Bläuer, Christine (2017): Deicing Salts: An Overview. In: Laue, Steffen (eds.): Proceedings of SWBSS 2017. Fourth International Conference on Salt Weathering of Buildings and Stone Sculptures, University of Applied Sciences Potsdam, Germany, 20-22 September 2017,Verlag der Fachhochschule Potsdam 16-23, 10.5165/hawk-hhg/316Link to Google ScholarFulltext link

Abstract

The world production of salt (NaCl) was over two hundred million tons in 2015. The US is the second larger producer of salt after China, produced over four million tons of which 43 % were consumed in highway deicing. While NaCl is the most commonly used salt, other salts are added to it to improve its performance, such as CaCl2, MgCl2. To reduce the use of the deteriorating NaCl, other salts are also used, such as magnesium acetate, calcium magnesium acetate or potassium and magnesium formate. The addition of sand and other inorganic insoluble compounds to aid in making surfaces less slippery is discussed, as well as the recent use of organic deicers and the problems that these can induce. The paper aims to present an overview of deicing salts, and the differences with anti-icing or antifreeze solutions. It also discusses the problems they induce to vehicles, buildings and constructions, while also considering the negative aspect they have for the environment as well as their contribution to air pollution. Some examples are presented to illustrate the problem and less aggressive alternatives are discussed, especially with regard to the conservation of valuable architectural heritage.